Men's Health: The Top 10 Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a source of deep dread for many men, a humiliating and emasculating problem. It does not have to be because many men experience ED at varying ages.

The persistent failure to obtain or sustain an adequate hard erection for sexual intercourse is referred to as erectile dysfunction. While the physical causes and effects of ED are more clear-cut, the psychological and emotional consequences are less obvious but no less real.

Sometimes this medical condition is temporary, but may also be a more persistent state. A lot depends on the underlying causes.

Here is a brief look at the top ten causes of erectile dysfunction and what to do when you experience it:

1. Psychological Stress

When a man experiences stress, the body goes into "fight or flight" mode. This manifests as an inability to gain or maintain an erection.

Several illnesses can induce stress. However, a nerve-wracking everyday life at home or at work can also be to blame. In fact, stress has been the number one cause of ED.

Stress management techniques help in avoiding the adverse effects of stress on your life and health.

2. Lack of Blood Flow

When you're younger, blood flow is quite regular, which is why erections are easier to achieve. However, as you age, blood flow becomes less consistent when ED can occur. 

A urologist can help you determine if the issue is related to hypertension, and if so, recommend a treatment program.

3. Smoking

Smoking is a well-known cause of impotence and ED as the carcinogenic components of cigarettes can damage your blood vessels. 

If you're a smoker, think about quitting. Quitting smoking can be challenging, but it will be worthwhile just thinking you can perform better in pleasing your partner in bed. 

3. Drinking

An excess of alcohol can cause erectile dysfunction due to its reduction of blood cells, leading to a decreased blood flow and oxygenation of the penis.

Drink alcohol in moderation so it will not lead to erectile dysfunction.

4. Medication

Some drugs, including blood pressure and heart medications, can cause ED. Discuss this with your doctor and make sure you're not taking anything that may interfere with your sex life.

5. Diabetes

Diabetes--especially Type II--is one of the leading causes of ED, and it's also one of the most common because it damages the blood vessels, limiting blood flow and erections.

If you suffer from diabetes, follow your doctor's orders to get it under control and avoid secondary disorders, including ED.

6. Low Testosterone

A drop in testosterone can result from aging and several health issues. Low testosterone can cause ED and make it difficult to achieve an erection.

To combat this, consider testosterone replacement therapy if prescribed by your doctor.

7. Prostate Diseases

A number of prostate diseases can cause ED, including prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostatitis.

It's essential to have a prostate exam regularly so that your doctor can make sure your prostate is healthy.

8. Heart Conditions

Heart conditions like arrhythmia, medications, and atherosclerosis can all cause ED. If you're experiencing ED and have heart conditions, it's important to discuss your condition with your doctor and see what they recommend.

9. Vascular Diseases

Vascular diseases can also lead to ED, including atherosclerosis, which is a disease of the arteries, and fibrosis, which is a thickening of the arteries. Since maintaining an erection is related to blood flow, these conditions can lead to ED.


You can avoid these causes of ED by paying attention to your health and consulting with a doctor if ED becomes an issue. You can get treatment such as viagra or sildenafil from your pharmacist. A consultation is required for this to ensure the medication is suitable for you. 

Look to improve your overall health through exercise and a healthy diet. Don't be afraid to ask your doctor about any medications you're taking to ensure they won't interfere with your sex life.

We provide a variety of treatments and alternatives to help you reach the best health results. Our pharmacists have received training from the Australian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, allowing us to fully understand the right treatment for you. If you are looking for a one-on-one consultation with a health and wellness center in New Zealand, book an appointment with Unichem Greenhithe Pharmacy today.